Man uploads a re-encoded video 1,000 times to show how source footage gets degraded over time.
this is going to give me nightmares
this is fucking beautiful god damn
reblawg to warch lata
Marcy is a royal python. Genetically speaking, she is a Super Pastel Orange Ghost or SPOG for short.
What does this mean?
In the world of genetics (in terms of relevance to this discussion), there are dominant, co-dominant and recessive genes.
If an animal has a dominant gene, all of its offspring will carry that gene and (usually) this will be detectably expressed. Dominant genes over-ride their counterparts, even in heterozygous format.
To explain this further, and hopefully help to make it easier to understand, most genes come in allele pairs. A recessive gene will require both pairs on that allele to be the recessive version, in order for it to be expressed. As only one of each ‘side of the pair’ can come from each parent, that means in order for offspring to have two copies, both parents must have carried the gene.
If an animal carries only one, it is described as being ‘heterozygous’. If an animal carries two copies of the same gene, it is described as being ‘homozygous’.
A co-dominant gene will be expressed visually when only one copy of the gene is present (heterozygous). This co-exists with the non-variant (wild type or ‘normal’) copy of the gene, thereby causing both to be expressed. In many cases with royal pythons, these co-dominant genes are changes in colour or pattern variation on the animal, from birth.
What makes a co-dominant gene special however, is that if two copies of the same gene exist [homozygous], (instead of one variant and one normal), what is produced is an animal that looks distinctly different from both the heterozygous form AND a wild-type animal.
Furthermore, if a homozygous carrier has offspring, every single one of those animals will carry a single copy of the gene (heterozygous).
As such, these homozygous animals, in the pet trade are commonly referred to as ‘supers’.
Marceline (Marcy) carries two seperate mutations, pastel (co-dominant) and Orange Ghost (recessive). In both cases however, she is carrying two copies of both.
Or another way of saying it would be that she is homozygous for pastel and homozygous for orange ghost.
The pastel gene is recognisable by the distinct intensification of the yellow pigment in the animal, the normally solid black ‘saddles’ are faded out and replaced with yellow ‘blushing’. It also causes lighter colouration in the eyes and almost ‘white’ lips.
In it’s homozygous form, the pastel gene is known as ‘super pastel’. This, ultimately, intensifies all the previous elements of the gene and takes them to an extreme, producing a very light animal. You can see the difference in this video by Justin Kobylka.
Orange ghost is a form of hypo melanism. This describes an animal who still has the ability to produce black pigment (the gene is still present) but which, for some reason (usually unknown), the ability to do so is greatly reduced. This causes the black pigments that ARE present to be reduced even further in the areas of blushing and to be all around paler.
Orange ghost additionally, causes extra orange pigmentation to be visually present (as can be seen here).
So there you have it! A super pastel orange ghost royal python and probably the heftiest breakdown of genetics i’ve written here to date! Hopefully, that made some sense but if you’d like some clarification on any of these points, please let me know!
Iceland grieves after police kill a man for the first time in its history
December 5, 2013
It was an unprecedented headline in Iceland this week — a man shot to death by police.
"The nation was in shock. This does not happen in our country," said Thora Arnorsdottir, news editor at RUV, the Icelandic National Broadcasting Service.
She was referring to a 59-year old man who was shot by police on Monday. The man, who started shooting at police when they entered his building, had a history of mental illness.
It’s the first time someone has been killed by armed police in Iceland since it became an independent republic in 1944. Police don’t even carry weapons, usually. Violent crime in Iceland is almost non-existent.
"The nation does not want its police force to carry weapons because it’s dangerous, it’s threatening," Arnorsdottir says. "It’s a part of the culture. Guns are used to go hunting as a sport, but you never see a gun."
In fact, Iceland isn’t anti-gun. In terms of per-capita gun ownership, Iceland ranks 15th in the world. Still, this incident was so rare that neighbors of the man shot were comparing the shooting to a scene from an American film.
The Icelandic police department said officers involved will go through grief counseling. And the police department has already apologized to the family of the man who died — though not necessarily because they did anything wrong.
"I think it’s respectful," Arnorsdottir says, “because no one wants to take another person’s life. “
There are still a number of questions to be answered, including why police didn’t first try to negotiate with man before entering his building.
"A part of the great thing of living in this country is that you can enter parliament and the only thing they ask you to do is to turn off your cellphone, so you don’t disturb the parliamentarians while they’re talking. We do not have armed guards following our prime minister or president. That’s a part of the great thing of living in a peaceful society. We do not want to change that. "
can you even imagine if the u.s. mourned people killed by police
like a real national outpouring
that moment of silence should last for years
The kind of gun culture I approve of.
This is so surreal to me I can’t even comprehend
seriously from a U.S perspective this is like reading really eerie satire. look what gun-culture has done to us
i hope the family of that man who was killed, is finding peace in the show of love from their neighbors and compatriots.
So to get to 51% of the electorate the Republicans are going to have to pull some votes from previously offended demographics.
the greatest part of yesterdays episode. now wheres the womens part?
About three things I was absolutely positive. First, I had a pokemon. Second, there was a part of me - and I didn’t know how dominant that part might be - that wanted to be the very best, like no one ever was. Third, Gary Oak was unconditionally and irrevocably a douchenozzle.
Reblogging for the comment
How old are you?
How long have you been ten?
HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN TEN
Misty looked at Ash, his breathing still heavy from carrying her on his bike as fast as he could through the long grass outside of Pallet Town.
“You’re eyes are impossibly huge and black,” Misty said. “Your hair is… incredibly pointy, and doesn’t need product. Your face changes size and shape based on your feelings… and sometimes you speak like - like you’re from the 90’s. You never spend money on anything; you don’t go to the bathroom.”
The silence hung there, thick and heavy like a Snorlax blocking the bike path.
“How old are you?” Misty asked, not sure if she wanted to know.
“Ten,” Ash replied, with a slight smirk and an almost amused tone.
Misty new that wasn’t true. Ash wasn’t like the other boys her age. He wasn’t even like her older sisters who ran the gym in Cerulean City. He was wiser and his passion was genuine.
Ash didn’t just want to catch them all, he needed to. He was going to be the best there ever was no matter how long it took, which gave Misty this nagging in the back of her mind. She had to know for sure.
“How long have you been ten?” she asked. Her voice weak, knowing full well the answer could change everything she thought she knew.
“A while…” Ash said. His voice trailing off, as if he were losing himself in a flood of memories.
Misty let out a faint gasp. She knew now. She was certain.
“I know what you are,” she declared, as if whatever had been holding her back from accepting the truth, finally let go of her hand and let her fall right down the Diglett hole.
Ash eyes were alive now, flickering like the flame on a Charmander’s tale.
He stared right into her and said, ”Say it… out loud. Say it.”
Misty’s heart was pounding louder than the thud of a Marowak’s bone club attack.
Despite the now eerily silent meadow, she could barely be heard as she whispered, “Pokemon Trainer.”
OH MY LORD HELP
Me. Every fucking day of my life.
After crawling Twitch streams, my AI gained enough information to be able to speak. I turned it on and the first thing it said was this:
fuck you navi
The second thing it said was…
what the dicks
And then it crashed…
Thumbnail sketches for The Graveyard Book.
I am literally reading this for the first time. It’s been sitting on my shelf for I don’t kmow how long just one day I saw it on my shelf and had no idea what it was doing there. Excuse me? Is that a neil gaiman book I haven’t read? That I own?! I am deeply perplexed by this turn of events!
And thus I am reading the graveyard book. It is good.
If you don’t think Asura progeny are the cutest thing ever, something is very wrong with you.
Nintendo Magazine has the best description of Wild World
Part two of a collection of best tweets found in the #bisexualfacts twitter tag.
(Part one here.)
some cats are different.
Gordon Ramsay with Kids vs. Gordon Ramsay with Adults.
I honestly think this man is my main inspiration in life.
Except he’s like that with the kids because they’re just kids. Most kids barely know how to make scrambled eggs, much less some of the stuff they’re doing on that show. These are adults, and more importantly adults that have been studying cooking for years, and have, presumably, careers as chefs. They should know they’re shit, and goddammit Gordon is gonna call them out on their shit when they fuck up. This is their career and if they wanna fuck it up, fine, but not on Gordon Ramsay’s time.
Fuck I love Gordon
Not to mention, he just wants to help people cook. Genuinely, that’s all he wants. How do you teach kids? You nurture them, say kind words, give them gentle guidance. How do you teach adults? Yell some fucking sense into them.
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